By 2030, no one in the world should go hungry. Everyone should have access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round. According to the World Food Program, currently 795 million people do not have enough food to live a healthy and active life. This is about one in nine people worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa, proportionally the most people suffer from hunger; one in four people in this region is malnourished. Also, nearly half (45 percent) of children who die before age five die from malnutrition. And worldwide, 66 million elementary school children still go to school hungry.
Thus, much remains to be done in the area of food safety. The targets of this goal, among others, focus on ending all forms of malnutrition by 2030. Specific attention must be paid to the nutrition of young women, pregnant and lactating women, and the nutrition of older people.
By 2050, the world's population will have increased to at least nine billion people. Therefore, this second goal also focuses on food production. Thus, there must be sustainable systems for food production by 2030. This means that food production must increase, without affecting ecosystems. By 2030, the productivity and income of agricultural SMEs must double. Special attention is paid to vulnerable groups such as women, original inhabitants of a country or area, fishermen and shepherds. To achieve this, greater attention must be paid, for example, to fair land distribution and access to financial markets.