The Universal Declaration of Human Rights establishes that men and women have the same rights. Yet this is not enough. "Equality between men and women is not only a human right, but also the basis for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world," according to the United Nations. But in practice, it appears that women and girls are still often disadvantaged compared to men and boys. This fifth goal states that by 2030 women and men must also have equal rights in practice to facilities such as education, health care and employment. In addition, women and men must be equally represented in political and conomic decision-making.
The position of girls and women has already improved considerably in recent years. For example, in 1990 there were still 74 girls per 100 boys attending elementary school in Southern Asia, but in 2012 this number was the same. Globally, female politicians are increasing in number. Yet male politicians still make up the vast majority. And in North Africa, less than one in five paid jobs, outside the agricultural sector, is held by women.
By 2030, women should have as many opportunities as men to participate in decision-making within politics, the economy and public life. Countries must create specific policies and adopt laws that give women and girls equal rights in all areas. There must also be an end to all violence against women and girls such as human trafficking, sexual exploitation, child marriage and female genital mutilation.